d in demographi上海后花园女神会所c turnaround. It took just 46 years－from 1949 to 1995－to lift its people’
s average life expectancy from 40 years to 70.8 years, an accomplishment all the more admirable because China is still a de
veloping economy. As such, China has set a fine example for human development.
As a leading developing country, China has notably closed the gap with developed countries in terms of people’s life
expectancy and health. In fact, by 2015, Chinese people’s average life expectancy at birth had increased to 76.34 years.
Compared with the mortality rate, however, the changes in China’s fertility rate have been astoundingly rapid. China became a low fertility country toward the end
of last century with its total fertility rate dropping below the replacement the level in 1992 from 5.81, about 2.8 times of rep
lacement level, in 1970. China has had a fertility rate of about 1.6, equivalent to developed countries’ average, for quite a while.
n London has helped set up links between Surrey and Liaoning provinc
e and, in February this year, the mayor of Shenyang paid us a visit, where under
standing was built about mutual opportunities, since when I have also been there,” Samuels said.
As the gateway to the industrial heartland of northeast China, Liao
ning has huge commercial market potential, with more than 109 million customers, and S
amuels believes Surrey has a headstart on some other regions because of its existing connections.
“The vice-chancellor of Surrey University, Professor Max Lu, is a graduate of
North Eastern University in Shenyang, and retains strong alumni links. My visit there helped strengthen e
xisting connections between the two institutions, and I’m hopeful thi
s will lead to greater mutual understanding and tangiblebenefits in the months to come.”
magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a
re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.
Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.
Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp
anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea
d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.
“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this
round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma
rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.